Exploring the Global Impact of Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Stateless Persons
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Stateless persons, refugees, asylum seekers – these terms resonate prominently in today’s world, symbolizing the harrowing realities faced by millions of individuals worldwide. The staggering statistics reveal a global crisis of displacement and deprivation, with over 110 million people forcibly displaced by the end of 2022, a number that continues to rise amid lingering conflicts and crises. The plight of these vulnerable populations underscores the urgent need for understanding and action to address the multifaceted challenges they endure.

As we investigate the distinctions among refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons, it becomes evident that each group faces unique legal predicaments and struggles. From the stringent criteria defining refugee status to the complexities of statelessness and the precarious limbo of asylum seekers awaiting decisions, these individuals navigate perilous journeys fraught with obstacles. The repercussions of displacement extend beyond borders, shaping the fabric of societies and calling for comprehensive responses to safeguard the rights and dignity of those in need.

Key Takeaways:

  • Refugee Situation: Over 110 million individuals are displaced globally, with a significant increase due to conflict in regions like Ukraine.
  • Refugee Definition: Refugees are individuals with a well-founded fear of persecution based on specific criteria, seeking international protection.
  • Asylum Seekers: Asylum seekers are individuals seeking refuge and protection in a different country, awaiting a decision on their refugee status.
  • Stateless Persons: Stateless persons lack citizenship in any nation, facing legal challenges and denial of basic human rights.
  • Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): IDPs are forced to flee their homes within their own country due to conflict, natural disasters, or rights violations.
  • Legal Status Differences: While refugees have official recognition and legal rights, asylum seekers are in the asylum application process, and stateless persons face unique legal challenges.
  • Location Differences: Asylum seekers are within the borders of the country they fled, refugees have crossed international borders, stateless persons lack nationality within their country, and IDPs remain within their country of origin.

Refugees: Who They Are and Why They Flee

Historical Context and the Evolution of the Refugee Concept

Refugees have a long history of seeking safety and protection from persecution, war, and human rights violations. The concept of refuge and asylum can be traced back to ancient civilizations offering sanctuary to those in need. Over time, the understanding and legal framework surrounding refugees have evolved, leading to international agreements and conventions aimed at protecting those forced to flee their homes.

Historically, refugees were often viewed as individuals seeking shelter due to political conflicts or religious persecution. However, as global challenges increased, the definition of a refugee expanded to include those fleeing from various forms of violence, discrimination, and environmental disasters.

Criteria for Refugee Status Under International Law

Conceptually, the criteria for defining a refugee under international law are rooted in the fundamental principle of providing protection to individuals facing persecution based on race, religion, nationality, social group membership, or political opinion. The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees outlines specific requirements that must be met for an individual to be considered a refugee and receive international protection.

Global Refugee Statistics: Scale and Scope

To comprehend the vast impact of refugee crises worldwide, it is important to consider the staggering statistics. As of the end of 2022, over 108.4 million individuals were displaced globally, including 35.3 million refugees, demonstrating the immense scale of forced displacement and the urgent need for humanitarian assistance.

Regional Focus: Prevalent Areas of Refugee Crises

Understanding the regional dynamics of refugee crises highlights specific areas facing significant challenges. Regions such as the Middle East, Africa, and Asia have been prevalent in hosting large refugee populations due to ongoing conflicts, political instability, and environmental factors. Addressing the unique needs of refugees in these regions is crucial for providing effective support and protection.

The Refugee Journey: From Flight to Settlement

Refugee journeys are complex and arduous, marked by perilous escapes, uncertain futures, and the hope for safe resettlement. From the initial flight from danger to the process of seeking asylum and eventual settlement, refugees face numerous challenges and obstacles along the way. Understanding the stages of the refugee journey helps shape policies and interventions to ensure their well-being and integration into host communities.

Asylum Seekers: In Limbo

All Understand the refugee crisis with link analysis – Learn ArcGIS, Asylum seekers play a crucial role in the global landscape of forced displacement. Distinguishing asylum seekers from refugees is vital for understanding their unique challenges and legal status.

Distinguishing Asylum Seekers from Refugees

Seekers, unlike refugees, have not yet been granted official refugee status in the country where they are seeking protection. They are individuals who have fled their home countries due to fear of persecution or harm, but are still in the process of having their asylum claims reviewed for recognition under international law.

The Legal Process of Seeking Asylum

Limbo can be a difficult period for asylum seekers, as they navigate complex legal processes within host countries. For instance, they must present their case for asylum, provide evidence of their need for protection, and undergo interviews to determine the validity of their claims.

Challenges in Asylum Seeking: Policy and Practice

Any policies aimed at addressing the challenges faced by asylum seekers must consider factors such as access to legal representation, fair and efficient asylum procedures, and adequate support systems for individuals awaiting a decision on their refugee status.

The Social and Economic Impact of Asylum Policies on Host Countries

Refugees have a significant impact on their host countries, affecting host communities socially, economically, and culturally. Policies surrounding asylum seekers can shape the integration process and the overall interaction between refugees and local populations.

Stateless Persons: Invisible and Without Rights

To Refugees | United Nations, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons, we must also shed light on stateless persons. Stateless individuals are often unseen in the global discourse on displacement, yet they face immense challenges due to their lack of citizenship in any country. This invisibility leaves them without basic rights and legal protections, making them vulnerable to discrimination, exclusion, and denial of crucial services.

Understanding Statelessness: Causes and Consequences

Causes: Statelessness can stem from various factors such as discrimination based on race, ethnicity, or religion, gaps in nationality laws, conflicts between countries’ laws, and the lack of birth registrations. These individuals often find themselves without access to education, healthcare, employment, and other fundamental human rights.

The Lack of Legal Identity and Access to Services

For instance, stateless persons face significant obstacles when it comes to obtaining legal identity documents, which are crucial for accessing services and asserting their rights. Without nationality or legal recognition, they are often marginalized and excluded from society, perpetuating a cycle of statelessness and vulnerability.

Strategies and Efforts to Resolve and Prevent Statelessness

Statelessness: The lack of legal identity not only hampers an individual’s ability to live a dignified life but also poses challenges for governments and humanitarian organizations striving to provide assistance to stateless populations. Efforts to address statelessness include legal reforms, awareness campaigns, and advocacy to ensure the rights and protection of stateless persons are upheld.

Internally Displaced Persons: Refugees Within Their Own Countries

Defining and Contextualizing Internal Displacement

For many individuals around the world, the concept of displacement hits close to home, quite literally. Internal Displacement refers to the forced or voluntary movement of people within their own country due to conflict, violence, human rights violations, or natural disasters. According to data from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there were over 62.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) globally by the end of 2022, highlighting the significant impact of this phenomenon.

Legal Protections and International Guidelines for IDPs

Within internal displacement, there exist specific legal protections and international guidelines to safeguard the rights and well-being of IDPs. These regulations aim to ensure that individuals forced to flee their homes within their own country receive adequate support and protection. The United Nations’ Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement outline the rights and assistance that IDPs should receive, placing a strong emphasis on upholding human dignity and ensuring their safety.

Refugees and internally displaced persons face similar challenges in terms of displacement but differ in their legal categorization due to the nature of their movement.

Comparative Analysis: Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Stateless Persons

Once again, let’s investigate into the distinctions among refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons to gain a deeper understanding of their unique circumstances and legal statuses.

Legal Status and Rights: A Comparison

Refugees Asylum Seekers
Refugees have been officially recognized as such and are entitled to certain rights and protections under international law. Asylum seekers are individuals awaiting a decision on their asylum application and may not have the same legal rights and protections as recognized refugees until their status is approved.

The Variability of International Assistance and Protection

Analysis of the support and protection provided to displaced populations varies significantly based on their legal status and the response of host nations and international organizations.

Sociopolitical Dynamics Affecting Displaced Populations

Asylum seekers face unique challenges due to the uncertainty of their status, potential restrictions, and varying levels of support from host countries and humanitarian agencies.

Economic Impacts of Displacement on Global and Local Scales

The Costs of Displacement: Burden or Investment?

Once again, the economic impacts of displacement on both global and local scales raise critical questions regarding whether the costs associated with accommodating and supporting displaced populations represent a burden or an investment for countries and communities. The financial resources required to provide shelter, healthcare, and education for refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons can be substantial. However, it is vital to consider the long-term potential these individuals bring in terms of economic contributions, innovation, and cultural diversity. Viewing displacement through the lens of investment rather than burden can lead to more inclusive policies and opportunities that benefit both the displaced individuals and their host societies.

The Labor Market and Economic Integration of Displaced Populations

For displaced populations, accessing the labor market and achieving economic integration in their host countries are crucial factors in establishing sustainable livelihoods and contributing to local economies. By facilitating pathways for refugees and asylum seekers to participate in the workforce, countries can tap into a diverse pool of human capital, skills, and talents that can stimulate economic growth and fill labor shortages in various sectors. Empowering displaced populations through employment opportunities not only fosters self-reliance and dignity but also enhances social cohesion and integration within communities.

Investment: Efforts to promote the economic integration of displaced populations can yield significant benefits for host countries and communities. By leveraging the skills and experiences of refugees and asylum seekers through targeted employment programs and vocational training initiatives, societies can harness the potential for entrepreneurship, innovation, and cultural exchange. Investing in the labor market with the inclusion of displaced populations is not only a moral imperative but also a strategic step towards creating more resilient and dynamic economies that thrive on diversity and inclusivity.

Remittances and their Role in Development and Relief Efforts

To address the economic challenges faced by displaced populations and their host communities, remittances play a crucial role in supporting livelihoods, fostering development, and facilitating relief efforts. The financial transfers sent by refugees and migrants back to their countries of origin can serve as a lifeline for families and communities affected by displacement, providing access to vital services, education, and healthcare. Additionally, remittances contribute to local economies, promote financial stability, and enhance social welfare outcomes for both sending and receiving countries.

It is important to recognize the significant impact that remittances have on global poverty reduction and sustainable development goals. By understanding the role of remittances as a tool for economic empowerment and social support, policymakers can implement strategies that maximize the positive outcomes of financial transfers from displaced populations. Strengthening financial inclusion, reducing transaction costs, and promoting investment opportunities can amplify the transformative potential of remittances in advancing prosperity and resilience for displaced communities worldwide.

Social Impacts and Contributions of Displaced Populations

Cultural Integration and Social Cohesion Challenges

Not only do displaced populations face challenges in finding safety and stability in their new environments, but they also encounter cultural integration and social cohesion challenges. The clash of different cultural norms, languages, and traditions can lead to misunderstandings and tensions within host communities. Additionally, the sheer volume of displaced individuals can strain local resources and services, impacting social cohesion and community dynamics.

The Contributions of Refugees and Asylum Seekers to Host Societies

Socially, refugees and asylum seekers make valuable contributions to their host societies. By sharing their diverse experiences, skills, and knowledge, they enrich the cultural fabric of their new communities. Research shows that refugees and asylum seekers often fill gaps in the labor market, contribute to economic growth, and foster innovation and creativity within their host countries.

Populations forced to seek refuge or asylum have potential to positively impact their host societies in various ways. For example, studies have indicated that refugees and asylum seekers tend to be highly motivated to rebuild their lives and contribute to the growth and development of their new communities. Through their resilience and determination, they can inspire and empower others around them.

Education and Empowerment: Keys to Long-Term Solutions

Contributions to education and empowerment initiatives are crucial for displaced populations in finding long-term solutions. Access to quality education not only equips refugees and asylum seekers with the necessary knowledge and skills for integration but also empowers them to become agents of change in their own lives and communities. Education plays a vital role in breaking the cycle of poverty and dependency, paving the way for a more sustainable future for displaced populations.

Cohesion between displaced populations and host communities can be strengthened through educational programs that promote understanding, tolerance, and collaboration. When refugees and asylum seekers are provided with opportunities to learn and grow, they become more equipped to positively engage with their surroundings and contribute meaningfully to the social and economic development of their host societies.

Legal and Humanitarian Responses to the Displacement Crisis

The Role of UNHCR and Related Agencies

Many international organizations, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and related agencies, play a crucial role in responding to the displacement crisis worldwide. The UNHCR is at the forefront of providing protection and assistance to refugees, asylum-seekers, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons, with the aim of safeguarding their rights and offering humanitarian support in times of immense need.

Innovations in Refugee and IDP Camp Management

Humanitarian efforts have led to significant advancements in refugee and internally displaced persons (IDP) camp management. Innovations in shelter construction, sanitation facilities, healthcare services, and community engagement have improved the overall living conditions in these camps. The implementation of technology, such as biometric registration systems and digital aid distribution, has enhanced efficiency and accountability in delivering vital aid to those affected by displacement.

Legal Avenues and Advocacy for Displaced Persons

Refugee rights and legal avenues for displaced people are vital components of addressing the displacement crisis. Advocacy efforts by legal organizations and human rights advocates work to ensure that displaced individuals receive fair treatment, access to legal representation, and the opportunity to seek asylum or refugee status in accordance with international law. By upholding legal protections and advocating for the rights of displaced populations, these initiatives aim to provide a sense of security and dignity to those who have been forced to flee their homes.

Geopolitical Considerations: National Interests and International Responsibilities

Despite the complexities surrounding the movement of refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons, a deeper exploration of the data can provide valuable insights. For a comprehensive analysis of trends and statistics related to migration, refugees, and asylum seekers, the Migration, Refugees, and Asylum Seekers Data Explorer offers a wealth of information.

Balancing Sovereignty and International Obligations

Geopolitical considerations often revolve around the delicate balance between safeguarding national sovereignty and upholding international obligations towards displaced populations. Nations grapple with the need to protect their borders and security while also honoring commitments under international conventions and agreements regarding refugees and asylum seekers. Achieving this equilibrium requires nuanced diplomatic negotiations and a strategic approach that considers both domestic interests and global responsibilities.

Regional and Global Diplomatic Initiatives for Displacement Resolution

On a regional and global scale, concerted diplomatic efforts are crucial for addressing displacement issues effectively. Collaborative initiatives among nations, international organizations, and non-governmental entities play a vital role in fostering dialogue, finding sustainable solutions, and facilitating the safe return or resettlement of displaced populations. By engaging in multilateral forums and negotiations, countries can work together to resolve conflicts, tackle root causes of displacement, and promote peace and stability in regions affected by crises.

Long-Term Strategies for Conflict Prevention and Resolution

International cooperation is imperative in developing long-term strategies for conflict prevention and resolution to mitigate forced displacement. By addressing underlying political, social, and economic factors that contribute to instability and conflict, countries can create a more sustainable framework for peace and security. Investing in diplomacy, conflict resolution mechanisms, and peacebuilding initiatives can help prevent future crises and foster a conducive environment for the protection and well-being of displaced individuals. Building resilience and promoting peaceful coexistence have the potential to mitigate the impact of displacement and pave the way for a more secure and prosperous future for all.

The Future of Displacement: Trends, Predictions, and Preparations

Monitoring Global Patterns: Predictive Analytics and Forecasting

Predictive analytics and forecasting play a crucial role in understanding and preparing for the future of displacement worldwide. By analyzing current trends and historical data, experts can make informed predictions about the movement of refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons. These predictive tools help governments, humanitarian organizations, and policymakers anticipate challenges, allocate resources effectively, and develop proactive strategies to address the growing needs of displaced populations.

Adapting Policy to Emerging Displacement Dynamics

Predictive analysis indicates that policymakers must adapt to the ever-evolving dynamics of displacement. As the number of displaced individuals continues to rise globally, it is imperative to review and adjust existing policies to meet the changing needs of refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons. Policymakers must prioritize flexibility, inclusivity, and responsiveness to ensure that their approaches remain relevant and effective in a rapidly changing landscape.

Trends indicate that proactive policy adjustments are vital to address the complex challenges posed by displacement. As displacement patterns shift and new crises emerge, policymakers must be prepared to respond swiftly and decisively. This requires regular evaluation of existing policies, collaboration with international partners, and ongoing efforts to enhance coordination and cooperation in the face of humanitarian crises.

Enhancing Global Governance Structures for Displaced Populations

To effectively address the needs of displaced populations, it is imperative to enhance global governance structures that govern the treatment and protection of refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons. By strengthening international frameworks, promoting adherence to established protocols, and fostering greater cooperation among nations, we can enhance the collective response to displacement crises and ensure the rights and well-being of vulnerable populations are safeguarded.

This requires a concerted effort from the international community to prioritize the establishment of robust governance mechanisms that uphold the principles of fairness, dignity, and respect for human rights. By working together to improve governance structures, we can forge a more secure and sustainable future for displaced populations around the world.

Exploring the Global Impact of Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Stateless Persons: Public Perception and the Media’s Role

The Framing of Displacement Narratives in the Media

Role After displacement crises occur, the media plays a crucial role in shaping public perception through the framing of narratives surrounding refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons. The language used, the images shared, and the overall portrayal of displaced populations can significantly influence how the public views and understands their situations. Media outlets have the power to either perpetuate stigmas and misconceptions or promote empathy and understanding towards those who have been forced to flee their homes.

The Influence of Public Opinion on Displacement Policy

Policy Public opinion often plays a vital role in shaping government policies regarding displacement. The perceptions held by communities can impact the willingness of policymakers to support inclusive refugee resettlement programs, asylum policies, and measures to address statelessness. Public support or opposition to such initiatives can influence the decisions made by lawmakers and leaders, highlighting the interconnected nature of public opinion and displacement policy.

Positive or negative attitudes towards refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons can sway the direction of government actions and responses, ultimately impacting the lives of those seeking safety and security.

Fostering Understanding and Empathy Towards Displaced Populations

Fostering It is important for the media and public discourse to work towards fostering understanding and empathy towards displaced populations. By humanizing their stories, sharing the challenges they face, and highlighting their resilience and contributions, a shift in public attitudes can occur. Empathy and compassion are key components in creating a more inclusive and supportive environment for those forced to flee their homes.

To truly address the complexities of displacement and create sustainable solutions, a collective effort is needed from both the media and society at large to prioritize empathy, understanding, and solidarity with displaced populations.

The Ethical Imperatives of the Displacement Crisis

Moral Considerations in Response to Displacement

Response: Unlike other global issues, the displacement crisis presents a unique set of moral considerations that demand urgent attention and action. As the world witnesses the staggering numbers of refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons forced to flee their homes due to persecution, violence, or natural disasters, ethical imperatives come to the forefront. The international community is faced with the responsibility to uphold the fundamental principles of human dignity, compassion, and solidarity in responding to the plight of those who have been forcibly displaced.

The Principle of Non-refoulement and Its Challenges

Response: The principle of non-refoulement, enshrined in international refugee law, prohibits the forced return of individuals to a country where they may face persecution or serious harm. While this principle serves as a cornerstone of refugee protection, it also poses challenges in implementation. Issues such as ensuring access to asylum procedures, combating human trafficking, and addressing the rise of xenophobia and anti-immigrant sentiments underscore the complexities of upholding the principle of non-refoulement in the face of increasing global displacement.

Principle: Upholding the principle of non-refoulement requires a robust legal framework, effective coordination among nations, and a commitment to respect the human rights of individuals seeking refuge. As the displacement crisis continues to escalate, the challenges of implementing non-refoulement highlight the need for strengthened international cooperation, greater resources for humanitarian assistance, and enhanced protection mechanisms to safeguard the rights and well-being of displaced populations.

The Universal Human Rights Framework and Displacement

Any: The universal human rights framework serves as a critical foundation for addressing the complex issues surrounding displacement on a global scale. By recognizing the inherent dignity and rights of every individual, regardless of their legal status or nationality, the framework underscores the moral imperative to protect and uphold the rights of refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and internally displaced individuals.

Displacement: In the face of growing displacement crises, adherence to the universal human rights framework is necessary to ensure that displaced populations are treated with dignity, respect, and equality under the law. By upholding universal human rights principles, governments, international organizations, and civil society can forge a path towards a more humane, compassionate, and ethical response to the challenges posed by forced displacement on a global scale.

Technological Advancements and Innovations in Addressing Displacement

Digital Identity Solutions for Stateless and Displaced Persons

On the forefront of technological advancements in addressing displacement issues is the development of digital identity solutions for stateless and displaced persons. With over 108.4 million individuals globally forced to leave their homes due to various circumstances, the need for secure and accessible identification is crucial. Digital identity solutions can provide individuals with a way to prove their identity, access important services, and participate in economic activities, even in the absence of traditional paper documents.

By leveraging technologies such as blockchain and biometrics, organizations and governments can create reliable and tamper-proof digital identities for stateless and displaced individuals. These digital identities can enable individuals to access healthcare, education, financial services, and humanitarian aid more efficiently, ultimately empowering them to rebuild their lives with dignity and security.

Leveraging Technology for Improved Delivery of Humanitarian Aid

Improved delivery of humanitarian aid is paramount in addressing the needs of displaced populations worldwide. With the global count of displaced individuals surpassing 110 million, efficient and effective distribution of aid is vital. Technological innovations such as artificial intelligence, drones, and data analytics are revolutionizing the way humanitarian organizations operate and deliver aid in crisis situations.

By harnessing these advancements, organizations can better assess needs, plan responses, and track the impact of their interventions in real-time. This data-driven approach ensures that aid reaches those who need it most promptly and helps improve accountability and transparency in humanitarian operations.

E-Governance and Its Potential to Assist Displaced Populations

Displaced populations are often marginalized and face challenges in accessing important services and rights. E-governance presents a promising solution to bridge this gap by leveraging technology to provide efficient and transparent government services to displaced individuals. By digitalizing administrative processes, governments can improve the delivery of services such as healthcare, education, and social welfare to displaced populations.


Considering all points discussed in the context of refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons, it is evident that the global movements of these vulnerable populations have significant implications on human rights, international law, and humanitarian assistance. The sheer numbers of individuals forced to leave their homes due to conflict, persecution, or discrimination highlight the urgent need for collective action and solidarity from the international community.

It is vital for countries to uphold their obligations under the 1951 Refugee Convention, the principles of non-refoulement, and the rights of asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons, and internally displaced persons. By understanding the distinctions among these groups and providing adequate support and protection, we can work towards a more just and compassionate response to the plight of those who have been forcibly displaced. As we navigate the complexities of these global movements, it is crucial to prioritize the dignity, safety, and well-being of all individuals seeking refuge and asylum around the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the current global impact of refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons?

A: As of May 2023, over 110 million individuals worldwide have been displaced, including refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and stateless persons, marking the largest increase in forced displacement on record.

Q: How many Ukrainians have been affected by the ongoing war in Ukraine?

A: As of June 2023, more than 5 million Ukrainians have been forced to flee their country, with an additional 6.3 million seeking refuge in other nations, highlighting the urgent need for humanitarian assistance.

Q: What distinguishes a refugee from an asylum seeker?

A: A refugee is an individual who, due to a well-founded fear of persecution, has left their country and is unable or unwilling to return, while an asylum seeker is a person who has applied for refugee status but has not yet received a final decision on their claim.

Q: How are stateless persons defined?

A: Stateless persons are individuals who are not considered citizens by any nation under its laws, leaving them without legal protection and access to basic rights such as education, healthcare, and employment.

Q: What are the primary reasons for statelessness?

A: Statelessness can occur due to discrimination, gaps in nationality laws, conflicts between countries’ laws, and the lack of birth registrations, leading to individuals being excluded from nationality and basic rights.

Q: What rights are afforded to refugees under the 1951 Convention?

A: Refugees have rights including protection against refoulement, the right not to be punished for irregular entry, non-discrimination, access to education, freedom of religion, and social protection, among others.

Q: How do internally displaced persons differ from refugees?

A: Internally displaced persons are individuals who have been forced to flee their homes within their own country due to conflict, violence, or disasters, retaining the same rights and protections as citizens, unlike refugees who have crossed international borders.


RALB Law | RABR & Associates Law Firm

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